What major projects will be used in 2050?

Many promises were made at COP26, and what happened inside is just as important as what happens on the streets. What happened outside Glasgow is called consensus. This consensus is the engine of social change.

The pace of climate change and public opinion go hand in hand. The next 30 years will see an acceleration of changes in these two areas, i.e. extreme weather conditions, and the electorate becoming increasingly convinced of the need to act on climate change.

tram and 3NS Reservation

Major projects of Quebec City, tramway and 3NS The link, justified by engineering in demand-driven transport, has little scientific basis from an environmental, architectural and urban point of view. Evidence shows that the days of expanding highways and building skyscrapers are over, and cities will never be the same again.

In a video depicting 3NS Link (Lajoie, 2021), states that its life span is between 100 and 125 years. As developed countries do not respect the Paris Agreement (Garric, 2020), catastrophic climate events will become the norm. In Europe alone, Met Office analysts report heat waves of 50°C every 3 years (BBC, 2021).

On the other hand, big lies are constantly repeated. One is that electric cars will save the climate. Does anyone in their right mind think that the fact that electric cars reduce CO2 emissions could mean that the fleet can continue to grow globally? What about all the new roads, highways, and auto parts to be produced? Will all energy and raw materials come from non-polluting sources? Can anyone in middle-income countries and countries that will become rich in 30 years save the climate by switching to electric cars and building new highways?

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What about the skyscrapers full of offices that are now empty thanks to the pandemic that has allowed us to reduce the surfaces needed to operate a large number of businesses and offices of all kinds by about 50%? Citing modeling of the impact of Covid-19 on emissions by Forster et al. (2020), the Met Office explains that reducing mobility during the Covid-19 crisis puts the UK halfway towards its goal of achieving net zero emissions by 2050. This shows that change is possible, but will undoubtedly require major changes in the organization of our cities .


Architecture is a discipline that is over 2,000 years old. This has its advantages. Unlike most

Disciplines arising from the Industrial Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment, architecture inculcates a kind of strategic thinking about the future of societies and their relationship to the built environment. This critical thinking is essential, because if we didn’t have it, most of what we build wouldn’t be useful quickly.

What many disciplines, including architecture, show is that we are going in the wrong direction. Politicians in the Americas are considering big plans to win votes. Meanwhile, what experts recommend is further and further from this model. The new paradigm we advocate is to re-create the city for humans, thus achieving a just environmental transition, and creating non-polluting jobs. Climate and political changes mean that cars, skyscrapers, gasoline, and just the arteries of cars will be gone before the end of the twenty-first century.


Why copy trams and tunnels built in other cities over 50 years ago? Why don’t we innovate? Why be the last person to come to the party to dance when the party is about to end? The flag aims to make the city walkable, transforming streets for cyclists, athletes, pedestrians, the elderly and children. Science encourages us to ramp up, provide credit for better housing insulation, tree planting, and decentralization

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The city is in a network of development poles, to increase the number of green spaces and possibilities for sports, leisure and community life through production and consumption locally.

With tram budgets and 3NS The link, we can create a network of electric buses, create several pedestrian streets, re-densify old neighborhoods near urban centers, and reclaim arid lands around the city to create new forests instead of creating new housing complexes…The climate and the city is unsuitable?

Pablo Garcia de Paredes, PhD Student in Architecture, Laval University, Quebec


BBC, S.; (2021). 2021: a severe weather year. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/av/science-environment-59135039

Forster, PM, Forster, H. H., Evans, M. J., Gidden, M. J., Jones, CD, Keller, CA, Lamboll, R. D., Quéré, C. L., Rogelj, J., Rosen, D., Schleussner, C.-F, Richardson , T. B., Smith, C. J., & Turnock, S. T. (2020). Current and future global climate impacts from COVID-19. temper nature

Climate Change, 10 (10), 913-919. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-0883-0

Garrick, A.; (2020, December 13). Climate: Five years after the Paris Agreement, a global summit marked by still insufficient progress. Lou Mond. https://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2020/12/13/climat-cinq-ans-apres-l-accord-de-paris-un-sommet-mondial-aux-avancees-insuffisantes_6063200_3244.html

Lajoie, G. (2021, November). No environmental study will prevent building 3NS Link, warns Sharett. Le Journal de Quebec. https://www.journaldequebec.com/2021/11/02/aucune-etude-environnementale-nempechera-la-construction-du-3e-lien-previent-le-ministre-charette

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