UK: More than 100 ancient settlements have been found north of the Hadrian Wall

More than a hundred ancient settlements have been found north of the wall of Hadrian, marking the end of Roman imperial expansion in Britain. The study, released Tuesday, found that 134 sites dating from the Roman occupation were the work of non-Roman natives. Cambridge University Press And information taken from the site Old.

The study, entitled “Beyond the Walls: The Iron Age and a Review of Roman Encounters in Northern Britain”, aims to analyze the impact of Roman rule on the lives of tribal communities in Iron Age Britain. It must be said that most studies on this region focus on harming the Roman occupation tribes. Researchers are trying to correct this injustice and to better understand the way of life of the non-Roman people of that time.

Scotland: The immovable part of the Roman Empire

The first phase of research focused on exploring an area of ​​1,500 square kilometers around Fort Burnswork Hill in southwestern Scotland, where troops were concentrated as the Roman Empire sought to expand northward. Unable to conquer the north of Great Britain, the Roman imperialist power under Emperor Hadrian decided to build a famous defensive wall of the same name to keep the Scottish tribes in the Gulf.

“It is one of the most interesting parts of the empire because it represents its northern frontier, and Scotland is one of the few areas in Western Europe where the Roman army did not succeed in establishing full control,” Manuel Fernandez explains. Götz, one of the authors of the study. “Therefore, it is an excellent study to analyze the impact of imperialist power on communities on the fringes of its political boundaries,” he adds.

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Data obtained by light beams

To do this, archaeologists studied lidar data from the area, and a telemetry technique (distance measurement) created a 3D map of the area based on an analysis of its properties returned to its emitter. Lidar data revealed the existence of 134 native colonies.

The site contains the largest concentration of Roman missiles found in Britain. For centuries, northern authors refer to northern Britain as “a volatile frontier characterized by dynamic patterns of conflict and exchange between Iron Age societies and the Roman Empire.”

A paradoxical relationship stopped by trade transactions

As Hadrian’s Wall construction demonstrates, if relations between Rome and the local people were conflicting, “local farmers may have been connected to large logistics supply chains to feed the Roman army, e.g.,” says Manuel Fernandez-Coates. .

This finding brings the total number of Iron Age settlements identified in the area to 704. “The important thing in finding many sites that were previously unknown is that they help us reconstruct immigration patterns,” said Dave Cowley, co-author of the study. “Personally they are very secular, but together they help us understand the context in which the tribal people lived.”

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