Can transgender athletes be banned from the women’s competition? In California, a federal appeals court on Monday heard this sensitive topic that stirs highly political emotions in the United States.
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D’un cote, les défenseurs d’une loi adoptée début 2020 par les élus républicains de l’etat de l’Idaho, première du genre à interdire aux étudiantes transgenres de participer aux épreuves féminines dansita le sport trulaire et United State.
On the one hand, it is the transgender advocates who accused lawmakers of fomenting controversy to seduce more conservative voters. These civil rights activists successfully blocked the law from going into effect by a federal court, which took up part of their argument.
Judge David Nye said, “It appears that transgender women do not have and will not replace + gender compatible women in athletics,” because they represent “less than half a percent of the population,” Judge David Nye said, noting That the Idaho Parliamentary Archives has not identified any case of an athlete expelled by a transgender person.
But Idaho and two gender-compatible sports have resumed this ban, believing they are victims of blatant injustice if they are forced to compete against “born” opponents.
“Female contests exist precisely because there are real physical differences between the sexes,” summed up after the virtual hearing, Christiana Holcombe, attorney for the conservative Christian organization The Freedom Defense Coalition that supports the two young women in their work of justice.
“Men naturally have athletic advantages compared to women, and their identity (with another gender, note) does not alter the fact that they have on average greater physical strength, greater speed, and greater endurance. No treatment to suppress testosterone can nullify these underlying physical benefits.” , Says Holcom.
Meanwhile, Chase Strangio, the attorney for the powerful civil rights organization ACLU that has ensured the law is banned, argued in an appeals court Monday that Idaho law “uses a distorted and intentionally restrictive definition of biological sex.”
According to him, “All experts agree that the main factor behind the athletic differences between men and women is testosterone levels.”
In fact, the law only targets “girls and transgender women, in order to completely exclude them from sports competitions,” laments Mr. Strangio, advocating for Lindsay Hecox, a transgender student from Idaho who has taken legal action to assert her rights.
A coalition of athletes including tennis player Billie Jean King, soccer player Megan Rapinoe or basketball player Candice Parker has taken to the cause of Lindsay Hecox.
But transgender icon Caitlyn Jenner, a decathlon gold medalist at the 1976 Olympics, publicly opposed the inclusion of an athlete in women’s sport on Saturday, as being female but born male.
“It’s a matter of justice,” this member of the Kardashian clan told a journalist, who in 2015 moved in front of TV cameras, helping to highlight an underrepresented minority so far.
The California Court of Appeals has kept its decision without setting a date, but will wait with impatience: Similar texts have been introduced in recent months in about twenty Republican states, including Florida last week. At the same time, many conservative states, such as Arkansas, have taken steps to deny transgender minors the hormonal treatments needed for their transition.
“Young transgender people face so much discrimination that they do not play sports, they are already struggling to finish their studies,” Chase Strangio pointed out before the hearing.
“I just want to be able to run, have a team, and friends to support me,” said Lindsay Hecox, 20, who wants to join the cross country team at Boise University.
“I’m not trying to get scholarships, awards, or places from other girls,” she added in front of her ACLU camera. “I just wanna be like them. I’m like her!”