The flag of the United Kingdom, the crosses and the ensign of the British Nations

This news is put into perspective every Saturday, thanks to historian Fabrice de Almeida.

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As we celebrate the arrival of Charles III, why not revisit the history of his most famous symbol, his flag. The Union Jack has its origins in the long history of the British Isles. In 1270, the Kingdom of England chose Saint George as its patron saint. Its banner features a red cross on a white background and the Welsh as well. But then, in 1603, King James I of Scotland became King of England as James I. He decided to unite the two kingdoms in 1606. The symbol of this union, the Union Flag, is honorably known as the Union Jack. We create a new banner with the cross of St. George, on a blue background, combined with the white cross of St. Andrew, the symbol of Scots.

Two centuries later, in 1801, the Saint Patrick’s Cross was added to the flag of the Irish nation, which was incorporated into the United Kingdom.

The cross of St. George (England) and the cross of St. Andrew (Scotland), with the addition of the cross of St. Patrick, is the Union Jack.  (Wikimedia Commons)

The Union Jack goes around the world with the colonial empire, the Commonwealth, and it’s “connected” with the Beatles and the Rolling Stones. His weakness? What will happen if Scotland becomes independent again? Scottish blue is probably maintained by nostalgia for Elizabeth II’s reign.

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