The creativity genes gave Homo sapiens an advantage over Neanderthals

Researchers discovered a series of genes linked to creativity that may have given Homo sapiens a major advantage over Neanderthals, which allowed them to avoid extinction.

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The results of the study were published by an international research team on Wednesday in the journal The Molecular Nature of PsychiatryShe suggests that these genes played a “fundamental role in the development of creativity, self-awareness, and cooperative behavior.”

These genes, they wrote, were a “secret weapon” that gave modern humans “a major advantage over now extinct humans by promoting greater resistance to aging, injury and disease.”

Led by the University of Granada in Spain, these experts have identified 267 unique genes in humans, and through genetic markers, gene expression data and MRI technologies supported by AI, they have discovered that they are linked to creativity.

“The scientists were able to identify the areas of the brain where these genes (and those that interacted with them) were overexpressed,” they wrote.

These areas [du cerveau] It is involved in human self-awareness and creativity, and includes areas closely related to human well-being that have emerged relatively recently. ”

The same team had previously identified a set of 972 genes organized in three brain networks, the oldest of which – related to learning habits, social attachment and conflict resolution – dated back 40 million years ago.

The second network – that of intentional self-mastery – appeared two million years ago, while the most recent, governing creative self-awareness, appeared just 100,000 years ago.

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“Thanks to these genes,” they wrote, “Homo sapiens enjoyed a better physical condition than the now extinct humans.”

“Flexibility is intrinsic to defining creativity,” said lead author Igor Zwer.

This discovery sheds light on why Homo sapiens survived Neanderthals and other species.

According to the authors, creativity could have encouraged collaboration between individuals, which would have paved the way for technological innovation, behavioral flexibility, and openness to exploration, allowing them to develop more successfully than their predecessors.

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