Schizotypal personality disorder: Examination, symptoms

Schizotypal personality disorder is a chronic condition that appears in late adolescence or early adulthood. It is characterized by profound discomfort with social relationships, eccentric behavior, cognitive distortions and bizarre thoughts.

Definition: What is schizotypal personality disorder?

Schizoid personality disorder is a A personality disorder characterized by bizarre or bizarre thoughts and behaviorGuillaume Fond explains, Psychologist, teacher at Aix-Marseille College, researcher, lecturer and author. Schizoaffective disorder is also characterized by Significant difficulty, embarrassment, and decreased ability to establish and maintain personal relationships.

What are the symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder?

“LSymptoms include illusions hallucinationsmagical beliefs, unusual social or emotional behaviors, and distorted thinkingGuillaume Fond specifies. He adds:It is important to note that people with this disorder may have: Difficulties maintaining social and professional relationships Because of their strange and unusual behaviourAccording to the ICD-11 – International Classification of Diseases developed by the World Health Organization,Symptoms may include a pent-up or inappropriate effect f anhedonia. Paranoid thoughts, reference thoughts or others Psychotic symptoms, including hallucinations By any method, but not of sufficient intensity or duration to meet the diagnostic criteria Schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or delusional disorder. Symptoms result in distress or impairment in personal, family, social, academic, occupational, or other important areas of functioning“.

What causes schizotypal personality disorder?

The causes of this disorder are still not well understood, but it is generally seen to be associated with a A combination of genetic and environmental factors– notes the specialist. As for the numbers, it is again difficult to establish the prevalence of the disease in France: “Depending on the studies, it varies from 0.7% to 4% of the general population. It is difficult to compare studies because they use different diagnostic criteria and have different sample sizesexplains the psychiatrist.

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At what age does schizotypal personality disorder occur?

Symptoms of schizotypal personality disorder usually begin In late teens or early adulthood.

Is he on DSM 5?

schizotypal personality disorder figure in DSM-5, the fifth and currently final edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and Mental Disorders from the American Psychiatric Association. It is defined there as “The pattern of social and interpersonal deficits marked by A weakness and a low ability to establish close relationships, In addition to abnormalities and eccentricities in cognitive or perceptual behaviors, starting in adulthood, that are present in a variety of contexts“.

What is the course of schizotypal personality disorder?

The disorder often develops steadily through puberty”, specifies the Guillaume Fond. However, a small percentage of cases will develop toward schizophrenia or another psychotic disorder.

Diagnosis is based on clinical criteria:

  • affiliate reference ideas Feeling that the elements of a person’s environment hold a special meaning for him. For example: the topic of the newscast is directed specifically at him
  • a magical thinking – To ascribe to himself the power to cause or prevent events, and to satisfy desires, without any interference other than thought
  • a Changing perceptions (strange perceptions)
  • language characterized by Unusual syntax
  • a Feeling persecuted
  • a Poor adaptation in social situations
  • a Unusual behaviour (lack of nature)
  • affiliate eccentric behaviors
  • a few close friends
  • a anxiety during social interactions

A patient must present at least 5 of these criteria, over several years, for the diagnosis to be definitive.

What is the treatment for schizotypal personality disorder?

It may include treatment for schizotypal personality disorder Cognitive behavioral therapies and/or medication For the treatment of associated symptoms – including antipsychotics and antidepressantsGuillaume Fond explains. Psychotherapy It can also be a support for the patient.

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Thanks to Guillaume Fond, psychiatrist and teacher at the College of Aix-Marseille, researcher, lecturer and author.

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