Russia has a very ambitious moon exploration program. This program, led by Roscosmos, includes two landing craft, an orbiter, a sample return mission, and a rover. The first of these five missions, Luna-25, is expected to launch in the fall. Futura gives you a brief overview of these missions.
This new generation’s first mission to reach the moon will be Luna-25, also known by its former name Luna-Glob. This will be launchedMaybe in October. It will land at the South Pole with the main goal of studying subsurface ice: the latest radar observations have located layers of water ice in the Earth’s interior, only less than 50 cm from the surface. Or less than 1.5 meters. So this mission is of great importance because many countries and space agencies plan to permanently settle on the moon and intend to use this water ice for many uses, such as supplying electricity. Water and fuel.
It will follow the Luna-26, which should be launched in 2023. It is an orbit that aims to identify very high-resolution potential landing sites such as those that could be used to build a base, and to accommodate stations. For advanced or return samples. Missions. Luna-26 will also be used to studyMagnetism and the Moon’s Attraction.
Digging to a depth of 2 meters
In 2025, with (Luna-Resources), Russia will return to Earth in Antarctica at a site that could accommodate a manned base. This mission is definitely the most ambitious one in the entire series. It is also the participation in which the participation of the European Space Agency is the strongest. In fact, it will save the potential customer (On-site resource monitoring and prospecting platform for exploration, commercialization and transportation). This equipment consists of a drill designed to extract samples from lunar soil to a depth of approximately one meter, and various instruments for their analysis, including a spectrometer. The Used is a derivative of it ExoMars 2022 and it will be produced by Leonardo.
Obviously, the goal of these wells is to detect the presence of water ice and determine to what extent this water can be used and adapted to the needs of future lunar explorers to create a permanent base on the moon. It will also save an Capable of accurate landing in complete autonomy. This vehicle, developed by Airbus, uses navigation technology, as well as the detection and avoidance of dangerous situations, to provide the Luna-27, during the last minutes of its landing, with the information needed to land on the moon.
The following missions, Luna-28 and Luna-29, do not have a launch date yet. Luna-28 is important Antarctica which contains water ice and moderately volatile elements such as copper, Potassium or even zinc. This water and these volatiles are the largest number of potential resources, and they are necessary for the independence needed for human presence on the moon, and it is an essential stage in preparing for future human missions on Mars, and then expanding into deep space.
Finally, at the end of ten years, Russia could send a rover (Luna-29). However, so far, no official information related to this mission has been reported.
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