Spain, the United Kingdom, Germany and China are among the wealthiest countries that have made the most efforts to support renewable energy, according to a report released by the non-governmental organization on Monday. Climate Group. The publication ranks G20 members based on declared goals and progress.
Some countries, such as Australia, India, the United States or Japan, have made moderate progress, while others, such as Canada or Brazil, have scored poorly despite significant consumption of renewable energies. Russia and Saudi Arabia occupy the last places in the ranking.
“Ambitious” Spanish energy policy
The report, released during the New York Climate Week held on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly, takes into account various data such as the objectives for the share of renewable energies in the energy mix, the zero carbon ambition. But the total share of renewables in 2021 and installed in 2021.
Top-scoring Spain was praised for implementing “one of the most ambitious policies for renewable energy production within the EU”, with a significant increase in its production over the past ten years.
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Renewable energies actually represent 21% of Spain’s total final consumption by 2020, with the country planning to reach its goals of more than 20%, 43% in 2030 and 97% in 2050, as the country plans to achieve carbon neutrality.
States should be more voluntary
In contrast, Canada or Brazil are considered “latecomers” despite significant hydroelectric potential, the report stresses the need to diversify energy sources in the face of the risk of severe droughts in the coming decades.
The report urges states to be more proactive in their energy policy, with clear objectives, and to put in place financial solutions capable of encouraging private investment.
“As Europe prepares for a major energy crisis, politicians regret not starting their transition sooner. They shouldn’t choose to remain locked in fossil fuels,” Mike Peers, executive director of the climate group, told AFP.
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