Nuclear deal | Three US gestures towards Iran

(Paris and Washington) The United States made three gestures against Iran on Thursday in the wake of its willingness to restart the 2015 nuclear deal and after European warnings in Tehran against the decision to limit international research.




Daphne Benoit and Shawn Tandon
France Media Agency

After a virtual meeting of French, British, German and US diplomatic leaders, Washington announced that it had accepted the EU’s invitation to negotiate in the presence of Tehran to restart the 2015 deal undermining Donald Trump.

“The United States has accepted an invitation from the EU High Representative to a meeting of P5 + 1 (a group that unites the United States, Germany, China, France, the United Kingdom and Russia) and Iran. The way forward on Iran’s nuclear program,” the State Department said.

Earlier, the four Western powers in a joint statement reaffirmed their intention to “see Iran return to full compliance with its obligations” provided by the 2015 agreement “for the protection of non-proliferation regime”. Iran can never buy a nuclear weapon. ”

The statement was signed by Frenchman Jean-Yves Le Drian, German Haiko Moss, British Dominique Robb and US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken.

Travel restrictions

Joe Biden’s administration also rescinded Donald Trump’s unilateral declaration in September to return to international sanctions against Iran.

In a letter to the UN Security Council, Richard Mills, the UN ambassador to the UN, said the declaration was “ineffective”. The Missile reported that in 2015 “UN Resolution 2231 was elevated” and international sanctions confirming the nuclear deal ended the same year with Tehran “removed”.

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The Trump administration’s September announcement in 2018, which decided to exclude the United States from the JCPOA agreement, was considered null and void by all other members of the Security Council at the time.

The State Department has finally announced the easing of travel restrictions on Iranian ambassadors to the UN in New York, which has been heavily burdened by the Trump administration. In particular, they are the UN. They demanded that a few streets around the headquarters be closed.

Iran will return to the previous situation imposed on Cuban and North Korean diplomatic missions, which will allow its diplomats to move freely in New York and its immediate environs.

“The idea is to take action to remove unnecessary obstacles to multilateral diplomacy by amending restrictions on domestic travel,” the State Department explained.

“Common Anxiety”

The US-European meeting and Washington’s three moves came as the Iranian government plans to restrict access to IAEA inspectors for non-nuclear facilities from Sunday, including military bases suspected of having a nuclear operation.

Tehran has threatened to relinquish new obligations under the 2015 agreement if it does not lift unilateral sanctions imposed by the United States from 2018 on the Iranian economy.

France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States have called on Tehran to “assess the consequences of such a drastic move, especially at this juncture in its return to diplomacy”.

As President Biden has announced, “if Iran returns to its duties with the utmost respect, Anthony Blingen will recall.” […]The United States will do the same, and they are ready to begin talks with Iran to achieve this, ”the statement said.

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Admittedly, a French diplomatic source explained that “the agreement (2015) is smaller than ever, but for the first time in more than two years, there is a political consensus among all the initial parties on a common political objective” and “Americans say: it must begin with a debate.” .

Since Joe Biden came to power, the United States and Iran have been passing the buck on the question of who should take the first step toward renewing the JCPOA agreement. Washington has called on Tehran to return to the deal in full, with Iran demanding that the United States lift its sanctions first.

Since 2018, Tehran has gradually freed itself from the number of limits it has agreed to impose on its nuclear program.

The US-European press release underscores the “common concern” in this regard, the recent Iranian decision to enrich Iran with 20%, and the production of metal uranium, which is “a key stage in the development of nuclear weapons.”

“Our actions are a response to US and European violations,” Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif responded Thursday evening. “We will respond to actions by actions,” he said.

IAEA Director-General Rafael Grossi said on Saturday that a “mutually acceptable solution” would be found in Iran, and the Vienna-based organization was concerned about the “severe impact” of future limitations on its research.

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