New photos of the huge planet Jupiter

These images were taken by the Frederick C. Gillette Telescope from the Gemini North Observatory and the NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope.

The Frederick C. Gillette Telescope was completed in 1999 and observations began in 2000. It is located on the inactive Mauna Kea volcano at an altitude of 4,205 m. The Hubble Telescope was placed in Earth orbit in April 1990.

Milestones

  • Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system.
  • It is the fifth planet in the system and the largest by far.
  • It has at least 79 natural satellites.
  • It is located 778 million kilometers on average from the Sun.
  • It is so majestic that it can even contain the other seven planets of the system;
  • It is a gas giant (like Saturn, Uranus and Neptune). These planets are said to be gaseous due to the thick atmosphere surrounding their relatively young nuclei.

Three different visions

These three panels highlight the fundamental feature of multi-wavelength astronomy for observing planets and other astronomical objects, allowing scientists to obtain information that would otherwise not be available., The press release notes.

Jupiter looks very different in observations of infrared, visible and ultraviolet rays. For example, Jupiter’s characteristic large red spot is a prominent feature in visible and ultraviolet images, but it is barely visible at infrared wavelengths.

Jupiter in ultraviolet rays.View a larger image (A new window)

This Jupiter UV image was generated using data from Hubble. The Large Red Spot and Jr Red Spot (Oval BA) absorbs UV rays coming from the sun and looks darker there.

Photo: NASA / ESA / NOIRLab / NSF / AURA / MH Wong and I. de Pater (UC Berkeley) et al. Acknowledgments: Eng. my time

Some of the planet’s cloud groups are clearly visible in all three types.

Observing the large spot at multiple wavelengths revealed that the dark region in the infrared image is larger than the red oval corresponding to the visible image.

Jupiter in infrared light.

This infrared view of the buyer was generated from data captured January 11, 2017, at the Gemini Observatory.

Photo: NASA / ESA / NOIRLab / NSF / AURA / MH Wong and I. de Pater (UC Berkeley) et al. Acknowledgments: Eng. my time

Infrared notes appear Areas covered with thick clouds, while observations in visible and ultraviolet rays show the location of the chromophore – the particles that give the large red spot its distinctive color by absorbing blue and ultraviolet light.

At the lower right, a small red spot (sometimes referred to as Little Red Spots, known to scientists as Oval BA) appears in both visible and UV light observations. This storm was born from the merger of three storms of the same magnitude in the year 2000.

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In the visible wavelength image, it has a clearly defined red outer edge with a white center. In an infrared image, it is invisible and is lost in a wider range than cooler, darker clouds.

As in the case of the Great Red Spot, this storm is colored by chromophores that absorb solar radiation in both ultraviolet and visible wavelengths, giving it a red color in visible observations and a darker appearance at ultraviolet wavelengths.

Above the small red spot, in visual observations, a superstorm can be observed in the form of an oblique white stripe extending to the right side of Jupiter’s disk.

Also visible, the atmospheric phenomenon (Bright Trail in the Northern Hemisphere) is prominent in the infrared wavelengths of the planet. This feature, the cyclonic vortex or perhaps a series of vortices, extends 72,000 km in an east-west direction. At visible wavelengths, the tornado appears dark brown, resulting in this type of feature being called Brown sandals On images captured by NASA’s Voyager probe.

However, at ultraviolet wavelengths, the feature is barely visible under a layer of stratospheric fog, which becomes darker and darker towards the Arctic.

Aligned beneath the brown battleship, four large hotspots are visible, bright in the infrared image, but dark in the visible and ultraviolet.

Astronomers first discovered these features when they observed Jupiter at infrared wavelengths in the 1960s., Explains the press release.

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