Marine spatial planning emphasizes sustainable development
The Vietnamese Sea and Islands Administration (VASI) of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment concentrated its resources to complete the marine spatial planning based on feedback from ministries, departments, sectors, and the country’s 28 coastal provinces and cities.
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The guiding idea of the plan is to ensure harmony between social and economic development, national defense and security, nature conservation, ecology, biodiversity, natural wonders and environmental protection while promoting cultural and social values, historical traditions and maritime cultural identity.
|Offshore wind model.|
National marine spatial planning is an important tool for realizing the “national master plan” and establishing a basis for effective management of natural resource exploitation and utilization, environmental protection, and preservation of the marine ecosystem, while contributing to building strong marine economic sectors, creating more livelihoods for people, and ensuring defense and security. Patriots, preserving national sovereignty, sovereign rights and jurisdiction at sea.
The completion of the planning aims that by 2050, all Vietnamese maritime territories will be effectively managed and sustainably used, meeting the requirements of national social and economic development, defense and security, and achieving the goal of turning Vietnam into a strong maritime country.
At the same time, the planning will embody the main objectives, contents and solutions of the sustainable development strategy of Vietnam’s maritime economy to 2030, with a vision to 2045, according to the relevant Party’s guidelines and directions. National plans and strategies on the sustainable exploitation and use of natural resources and the protection of the sea and islands environment until 2030 with a vision until 2050.
According to VASI, the planning of the coastal zone is built in accordance with the guidelines and guidelines of the party and the country on the development of the marine economy and the protection of the marine and insular environment and ecosystems along with the protection of national sovereignty over the seas and islands.
Participants in the work also consulted guidance from the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC/UNESCO), Partnership for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA) on planning approaches and methods, as well as international experience in coastal planning development and implementation from the US, UK, Germany, Denmark, Norway and Australia. China and some ASEAN countries.
|My Khê Beach in Dà Nang Province (center).|
According to the Vice-Chairman of the Nghe An State People’s Committee, Nguyen Van Di, the regional planning for the period 2021-2030, with a vision until 2050, has integrated the goals and tasks associated with the national maritime planning. Space and the master plan for the exploitation and sustainable use of coastal resources during the period 2021-2030, with a vision until 2045.
Nghê An Province is mobilizing its resources to develop a strong maritime economy, building its resilience to climate change and sea level rise; stop and gradually reverse pollution, marine environment degradation, coastal erosion, and marine erosion; Training marine culture and restoring and preserving marine ecosystems.
Ha Tinh is one of the first two provinces in the country to receive prime ministerial approval for its regional planning for the period 2021-2030, with a vision to 2050.
Accordingly, by 2030, Hà Tinh Province aims for the rational utilization and efficient use of marine and insular resources for the rapid and sustainable development of marine and coastal economic sectors in the prioritization of tourism and marine services; maritime economy; marine mineral resources; aquaculture and sea fishing; Renewable energies and new sectors of the marine economy.
For the goal By 2050, Hà Tinh has set itself the goal of rationally exploiting and efficiently using marine and island resources on the basis of green growth, marine biodiversity conservation, sustainable environment, natural resources, green and clean islands, and a society in harmony with nature.
Ramla Al-Khalidi, Resident Representative of the United Nations Development Program in Vietnam, said that accelerating marine spatial planning is the key to unlocking the great potential of developing offshore wind energy in Vietnam, thus contributing to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals and the goals of responding to climate change.
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