The temperature on Tuesday crossed the 40C mark in the United Kingdom, the first in that country to be hit like the rest of Western Europe by a heat wave that has caused devastating bushfires, particularly in France, where heat records have been beaten in the northwest. coasts.
• Read also: Heatwave in Europe: Temperature records drop in France, an unprecedented heatwave in Great Britain
This is the second extreme heat phenomenon in Europe in barely a month. This multiplier is a direct result of the climate crisis according to scientists, with greenhouse gas emissions increasing in intensity, duration and frequency.
Mercury surpassed a level not reached in the UK with 40.2 degrees Celsius at Heathrow airport in west London, then 40.3 degrees Celsius in Koningsby, a village in north-east England, according to the Met Office Met Office.
The previous British record was from July 2019 with 38.7°C.
The record was also broken in Scotland, with 34.8 degrees Celsius, as well as in 29 regions of England.
“The English are clearly not used to it. It’s hard to get out, even in the suffocating shade,” Emily Nixon, 34, who took refuge in a municipal swimming pool in the British capital, told AFP.
Transport Secretary Grant Shapps told the BBC that public transport in the Victorian era had not been able to handle such heat.
“All the trains were canceled because of the heat. I don’t understand. They have trains in Australia. Any work. What’s the problem here?”
At least 100 firefighters were also working to combat a blaze that devastated an East London village.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson tweeted “Thank you to all the firefighters and frontline services who are working incredibly hard to keep us safe on this scorching day,” as many fires were counted in the country, including dozens in London.
Environmental activists from Extinction Rebellion smashed the windows of a tabloid publishing house on Tuesday morning the sunTo protest the treatment of the heat wave in some media.
“the sun They chose to show pictures of women in bikinis and beaches and happy children with ice cream,” the group said. Another tabloid, is daily expressiontitled Monday “It’s Not the End of the World, Keep Calm and Get to Work” (Stay Calm and Get to Work).
In the face of these temperature records declining one by one, the Secretary-General of the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Petteri Taalas is expressing the hope that governments will “wake up awareness”, hoping that this type of phenomenon will have an “influence on behavior.” elections in democratic countries.
Elsewhere in Europe, Belgium fears the temperature could rise to 40 degrees Celsius. Exceptionally, major state-run museums are free to access for those over 65 who can find some freshness there.
Two nuclear reactors located near Antwerp had to reduce their production capacity by more than 50% in order to reduce the temperature of the water discharged into the river.
In France, new absolute temperature records were recorded on Tuesday along the northwest coast of the country, which sometimes exceeded 40 degrees Celsius, as in Dieppe, according to Météo-France.
Other absolute records are in the province of Pas-de-Calais, near England, with 39.6°C at Boulogne-sur-Mer while approaching 40 bar at Le Touquet and Calais.
The capital, Paris, experienced the second hottest day since records in the capital, with 40.5 degrees Celsius, but it is far from the all-time high of 42.6 degrees Celsius recorded on July 25, 2019.
In Gironde, in the southwest of the country, two giant fires have already destroyed more than 19,000 hectares of forest, and a total of 37,000 people had to be evacuated in six days.
‘Extremely dangerous’ in Spain
In Spain, where the intense heat wave has been going on for nearly ten days, forest fires continued to erupt on Tuesday, especially in the province of Zamora (northwest). According to the regional authorities, nearly 6,000 people were evacuated due to the fires that destroyed several thousand hectares of vegetation.
A slight respite has been announced in the temperature side, while mercury has easily exceeded 40 degrees Celsius in recent days.
In Portugal, 2,000 firefighters continued to fight fires on Tuesday afternoon.
The most alarming wildfires are in the far north of the country. One mobilized nearly 800 firefighters on Tuesday and evacuated three villages.
A couple in their 70s were killed in the area on Monday while trying to escape from the flames.
Another rise in temperatures is expected from Wednesday in the country.
All of Germany is also facing this heat wave, but in Lower Saxony (northwest), temperatures can reach 40 degrees Celsius on Tuesday, thus approaching the record set in 2019 of 41.2 degrees Celsius, which can be beaten Tuesday or Wednesday, according to the British newspaper The Guardian. Meteorological.
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