Guinea declares the end of the Ebola epidemic that appeared in February 2021

[CONAKRY] After forty-two days of counting down, during which time no new cases were recorded, the Guinean authorities announced, on Saturday, June 19, the end of the epidemic.Ebola in the country.

On this occasion, Remy Lamme Minister Health And Public Health said: “You remember that on February 14, we declared a pandemic for the second time Illness Ebola virus in the rural town of Goike, here in Nzrikore Prefecture. After just four months, today I am pleased to officially announce the end of the re-emergence of the Ebola virus disease epidemic in Guinea »

Notably, during this second wave of Ebola virus disease, Guinea recorded a total of 16 confirmed and seven probable cases, including 11 patients who survived and 12 deaths, according to the Press release From the Africa Office of the World Health Organization (WHO Africa).

“Epidemic control can only be effective if we have the support of the community. Without it there can be no effective public health measures”

Abdallah Touré, CERFIG

Figures that are much lower than those of the epidemic in the years 2014 to 2016 which resulted in a report showing 3,814 cases versus 2,544 deaths.

42 days of observation calculated equal to twice the incubation period of the disease. That time has passed since the last confirmed case of Ebola that escaped follow-up was considered to pose no risk of community transmission.

“As a precautionary principle, the countdown had to take into account the contacts of this confirmed case that were not followed up. This justified the first 21 days of epidemiological surveillance before the effective start of the countdown that has just ended,” explains Alfred Georges Ki-Zerbo, WHO Representative World Health Organization (WHO) in Guinea

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The latter asserts that “with the authorities of Guinea, we can therefore consider that the chain of transmission of the Ebola virus disease epidemic has stopped.”In a press release issued by the World Health Organization in Africa, Machidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa, stated that “Guinea was able to contain the virus in four months thanks to innovations and lessons from the past.

SciDev.Net has learned that in addition to genuine community engagement in the response to this new pandemic, WHO has deployed more than 100 experts in the field to coordinate prevention, screening, immunization and more.

The organization notes that it has also shipped a total of 24,000 doses of Ebola vaccines there; This made it possible to vaccinate about 11,000 high-risk people, including 2,800 front-line health workers.

Drawing lessons from this pandemic, said Abdallah Toure, general manager Research Training in Infectious Diseases of Guinea (CERFIG), confirms that “we are once again convinced that controlling epidemics can only be effective if we have the support of the community. Without it there can be no effective public health measures.”In an interview with SiDev.Net, the latter also emphasized that this second pandemic has also shown importance building abilities Monitoring and local diagnosis.

He insists that “the support of the regional hospital laboratory by the National Institute of Public Health has significantly reduced waiting time for laboratory results and facilitated follow-up of contacts.”

Despite the end of the second Ebola outbreak in Guinea, the government calls for vigilance: “We must be more vigilant in order to detect in time any form of future outbreak of this epidemic while preventing its spread in the Nzerekore region. the rest of the country”, recommends Minister Remy Lamah.

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To this end, we know that the Guinean health authorities have reactivated a surveillance program for survivors in order to provide monitoring and support after long-term care.

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