Sixty years ago, the Soviet Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. Here are five things to know about this legendary journey.
Selection based on physical and human capabilities
Gagarin, who became a military pilot, was chosen from among thousands of candidates to undergo the arduous training needed to fly in space. Gagarin, 27, was chosen to demonstrate excellent test skills. But the kind and respectful young man also, according to legend, distinguished himself among the heads of the space program by taking off his shoes.
Before boarding the Vostok for the first time, which is a basic criterion in Russia when entering the house.
Finally, April 12, 1961. When the rocket separated from Earth at the Baikonur space base in Kazakhstan, it simply fired the phrase “Here we go!” The expression remains a cult even today.
Technical malfunctions that would have been fatal
The flight takes 108 minutes, as the Vostok spacecraft orbits the Earth. The success of the Gagarin mission, safe and sound on Earth, is indisputable. But failure could have cost him his life. The most dangerous of these was that the aircraft departed to orbit at a higher altitude than expected. Fortunately, the braking system worked, otherwise the astronaut and his ship would have to spend more than 10 days in the universe. The food reserves were not sufficient.
Babushka and Astronaut
Yuri Gagarin landed in a field after being expelled from his capsule over the Saratov region in southern Russia. A little girl and I found her sprinkling potatoes and seeing the man in a helmet and orange suit. What do you fear in the middle of the cold war? Then he said to them, “Do not be afraid, I am Soviet like you, I have returned from space.”
Urination break that has become a tradition
According to legend, before take off, Gagarin asked the driver of the bus that was taking him to the launch pad to stop so that he could urinate. And Paul on the back wheel of the vehicle. Since then, the astronauts taking off from Baikonur have followed this tradition before their journey into space. Typically threatened, the futuristic Russian space suit, introduced in 2019, without …
Sergey Korolev, the man behind Gagarin
The name and face of Gagarin became a symbol of the USSR. But in 1961, no one knew anything about the man who made it all possible, the head of the Soviet space program, Sergey Korolev. The Soviet Union even refused to award the Nobel Prize to the “chief designer” of the program to keep the identity of the man behind the missions of Sputnik, Leica and Gagarin secret, the identity of the man behind the missions. The scientist did not know his name until after his death in 1966.
Believing that the Soviet Union nearly killed Korolev at the end of the 1930s … he was arrested during the terrible Stalinist purge, and sent to one of the worst gulag camps in the Soviet Union, the Kolyma gold mines which, miraculously, would survive.
⋙ Thomas Pesquet: “Earth looks like a fragile soap bubble” from space
⋙ Space travel: The Japanese billionaire offers eight places for strangers
⋙ Apollo 11 Mission: Humor of Astronauts on the Moon
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