Factbox-Taiwan support included in big US defense bill

The Senate included the detailed “Taiwan Policy Act of 2022” in the $817 billion National Defense Authorization Act, or NDAA, which began debate on Tuesday. The Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved legislation on Taiwan in September, angering Beijing.

China considers Taiwan its territory and never has

He gives up on using force to bring him under his control.

It was not immediately clear which Taiwan-related provisions would be included in the final version of the NDAA, but senators and Senate aides said many of them would become law if the NDAA passes as planned this year.

Here are some highlights:

Taiwan military financing

The Taiwan bill provides $6.5 billion in grants over five years to build Taiwan’s military capabilities and authorizes up to $2 billion in loans.

The grants would be conditional on Taiwan increasing its own defense spending, and could give Washington additional leverage over Taiwan’s defense purchases, should US military planners see the island prioritize mobile equipment. systems.

The bill takes steps to track and expedite the delivery of military equipment to Taiwan.

Training and shares

The State Department and the Pentagon should develop joint military exercises to improve the island’s security and increase its ability to operate with U.S. forces.

If the U.S. wants to do so, as President Joe Biden recently suggested, increasing the capabilities of both militaries to respond to any Chinese attack will be key, security analysts say.

Possible sanctions against China

The bill provides specific sanctions that the president can impose in the event of a “significant escalation of aggression” by China against Taiwan.

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These include sanctions against high-ranking members of the Chinese Communist Party, government officials and agencies, and state-owned and controlled banks.

Other restrictions prevent and prohibit transactions related to property

Prohibition of transactions involving property in the United States and associated persons

To obtain a visa to enter the country.

Controversial propositions

Elements of the move related to Taiwan have raised concerns at the State Department and the White House about heightened tensions with China. Congressional aides have said these elements are unlikely to make it into the NDAA.

For example, the bill calls for Taiwan to be considered a “major non-NATO partner” to facilitate the exchange of defense equipment and services.

He will demand that Washington evaluate the possibility of renaming its de facto US embassy from the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office to the Taiwan Representative Office. Critics say the change would be largely cosmetic and would upset Beijing without material aid to Taiwan.

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