Elizabeth II’s political views were not aligned with any party.

to meIn the United Kingdom, the constitutional norm is that the British monarch is above politics, does not express a political opinion, and accommodates any prime minister, whether party or Conservative.

So the king is a political eunuch. However, the term does not apply to Queen Elizabeth. She was subject to all charters, but she had political opinions and culture unique to her class and education. But they were not allied with any party. The prime minister I dealt with is Harold Wilson (1916-1995). A brilliant intellectual, he was touched by presenting himself as a humble Yorkshire man, claiming ideas dictated by common sense and displaying common, acceptable tastes to all. He refused US President Lyndon Johnson’s request (1908-1973) to send British troops to Vietnam and tried for the UK to join the EEC (future European Union), which General de Gaulle had blocked.

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The Queen followed international affairs closely and read all the letters that British ambassadors sent to the Foreign Office. I enjoyed talking to Wilson. In his memoirs, he evokes the wise advice given to him by a conservative expert on foreign affairs. He did not name her, but said with a smile to his assistant that she was the Queen.

Tensions with Thatcher

According to Walter Bagehot (1826-1877), founder of The Economist To make it a member of 19th century liberal capitalisme Century and now wrote the classic work on the unwritten British constitution, Sovereign is above politics but has “Three rights, to be consulted, to encourage and warn”.

Every Tuesday the Prime Minister sees the Queen. Now he is the king. They discuss the government’s agenda, international challenges, and daily political difficulties.

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When Ronald Reagan (1911-2004) ordered the US military to invade and occupy the tiny Caribbean island of Grenada because the too-left government did not suit him, Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013) received an urgent phone call to Downing Street. She was informed that the Queen would have liked to see her. Her Cabinet at Buckingham Palace replied that the prime minister was too busy. The royal order turned into an order. The Prime Minister had to inform Her Majesty immediately.

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