The text now needs to be signed by Gov. Gavin Newsom to take effect and become binding law in this state, home to Silicon Valley and its tech giants.
Social networks are constantly accused of harming younger users, for example by exposing them to the seemingly better lives of others or inappropriate advertising.
Sites are required by law to establish systems that provide a high level of data protection for minors by default. It also prohibits the collection, sharing or sale of any personal information that is not necessary for the proper functioning of the Service.
He also wants to prevent social networks from using any activity that harms the health, physical or mental health of younger users.
If the California law, the first of its kind in the United States, is inspired by a text adopted in the United Kingdom in 2021 and signed into law by the governor, “we hope this model will be followed by other states in the United States and other countries around the world,” he added.
Some critics have already called for Gavin Newsom’s rejection of the speech Companies that provide NetChoice online services.