US President Joe Biden on Wednesday angered Russia and China, which are not among the 110 countries and regions invited to his virtual summit for democracy in December.
“The United States prefers to create new dividing lines, to divide countries into good, in their opinion, and bad, they said,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said during a telephone briefing.
Beijing expressed its “strong opposition” to Taiwan’s invitation to attend the virtual summit.
“Taiwan has no other place in international law than that of an inalienable part of China,” Chinese diplomatic spokesman Zhao Lijian told the press.
And around the same time, the authorities of the island at the center of the rivalry between Beijing and Washington thanked the US president for his decision to invite Taiwan.
“Thanks to this summit, Taiwan will be able to share its experience of democratic success,” Xavier Chang, spokesman for the presidential office, told reporters.
The Asian giant counts Taiwan as one of its provinces, although it does not control the island of 23 million people.
In recent weeks, arms flows between Beijing and Washington have multiplied over the fate of a democratic region, its government, its currency and its army.
The US president has made no secret of it since his arrival at the White House in January: the struggle between democracies and “authoritarian regimes”, embodied in his eyes by China and Russia, is at the heart of his foreign policy.
One of the main pillars of this priority is the “Democracy Summit,” a campaign pledged for its first online edition on December 9-10 before a face-to-face meeting a year later.
India, often described as the “world’s greatest democracy”, will be present despite repeated criticism by human rights advocates of its prime minister, Narendra Modi. So is Pakistan, despite its volatile relationship with Washington.
Turkey, Washington’s NATO ally but whose President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has dubbed Joe Biden a “tyrant,” is not among the participating countries either.
In the Middle East, only Israel and Iraq were invited. The traditional Arab allies of the Americans, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates are absent.
Joe Biden also called for Brazil led by controversial far-right President Jair Bolsonaro.
In Europe, Poland was represented, despite repeated tensions with Brussels over respect for the rule of law, but Hungary under Prime Minister Viktor Orban is not.
On the African side, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, South Africa, Nigeria and Niger are among the invited countries.
“There are good reasons for having so many representatives: This allows for a better exchange of ideas,” Laleh Esfahani of the Open Society Foundation told the First Summit.
For her, rather than making it an anti-China meeting — “that would be a missed opportunity” — Joe Biden should take advantage of these meetings that will bring together leaders and civil society “to attack the crisis represented by the dangerous decline of” democracy around the world, including hard models Relatively like the United States.”
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